Bergville was established in 1897 by a retired mariner, Captain Wales. Two years later, at the start of the Anglo-Boer War, British forces erected a blockhouse here. Bergville means “Mountain village”, an apt name for a town that basks in the shade of the Drakensberg peaks.
Archaeology And Palaeontology
San rock art and stone implements: Many examples of San rock art are found in the area. Man has inhabited the surrounding areas for thousands of years and left behind many stone implements and various other artefacts are in open areas and dongas.
Fauna And Flora
Parks and Reserves: Choose from such illustrious parks and reserves as the Cathkin Peak State Forest, Monk’s Cowl, Rugged Glen Nature Reserve and Royal Natal National Park. The Royal Natal National Park boasts such magnificent Drakensberg sites as Mont-aux-Sources, the Sentinel and the Amphitheatre. The Park boasts more than a 1 000 different species of plants in its 8 000-ha spectacular mountainous terrain. Animals such as wildebeest, reedbuck, duiker, bushbuck and baboon inhabit this reserve and it is also home to one hundred and forty eight different species of birds, including the black eagle, black sparrow hawk and Cape vulture.
History And Architecture
Mgoduyanuka Settlement: The Mgoduyanuka Settlement was originally constructed by the Zizi people who resided there until the 1820s. There are indications that the settlement passed through four phases of construction and it would therefore appear that it was occupied for several decades. In September 1995 the site was proclaimed a national monument.
Rangeworthy Cemetery: Victims of skirmishes such as the battle of Spioenkop are buried in the Rangeworthy Cemetery.
Spioenkop: The Battle of Spioenkop was fought at Spioenkop, a few km east of the town, in 1901.
Upper Thukela Blockhouse: The Upper Thukela Blockhouse was built by the British during the Anglo-Boer War and now serves as a monument and museum.