In 1803, when missionaries brought the word of God north, they came upon Griquas, Koranna, Tswana and half-breeds (which proudly called themselves Bastaards (“Bastards”)). The Reverend John Campbell tried to unite the different groups and in 1813, the mixed group became collectively known as Griquas (a corruption of the name of a San tribe, the Xurikwa), under the leadership of Adam Kok I and Andries Waterboer. The town Klaarwater became Griquatown. Kok and Waterboer tried to lead together but could not get along and Kok and his people eventually moved away. After the discovery of diamonds, several groups claimed ownership of this particular area. After ownership was awarded to Waterboer, he immediately sought protection from the Crown, and the Colony of Griqualand West was established and was later, annexed to the Cape Colony. Griquatown has semi-precious stones such as tiger’s eye and jasper and is an important centre for sheep farming.
Adventure and Sport
Hunting: Contact the Northern Cape Hunters’ Association for more information.
History and Architecture
Two Cannons: The cannons were gifts from Queen Victoria and they guard Andries Waterboer’s grave. Mary Moffat Museum: The museum was established in 1826 in an old mission church. Mary Moffat was the eldest daughter of the missionary Robert Moffat and she married Dr David Livingstone. Moffat, Livingstone and Waterboer all preached from the pulpit in this church.