The sheer abundance of the blessings that have been heaped upon this area at the southernmost tip of the African Continent astonishes many people. Majestic mountains, the Fynbos Floral Kingdom, pristine beaches, animal and bird species galore, seawaters where swimming, angling, surfing, yachting and scuba-diving can be done in safety, whales and dolphins and the oldest history in the country – it hardly seems fair for one region to have it all. Cape Town, the administrative capital of South Africa, is perched at the foot of the majestic Table Mountain. The history of Cape Town started in the mid-seventeenth century when the Dutch East India Company sent Jan van Riebeeck to the Cape to establish a halfway station on its trade routes to the Far East. This makes it the oldest city in South Africa. Cape Town, with its cosmopolitan atmosphere, is considered to be one of the world’s most beautiful cities. The waters of Table Bay are spread before the city and are dotted with sailing yachts, commercial boats and pleasure vessels. Robben Island lies about 10 km north-west of the harbour. Cape Town is surrounded by nature reserves and has the most beautiful scenic coastal drives. In this city, one is never far from the beaches and the sea. Cape Town, the Southern Peninsula, Blaauwberg, Helderberg, city of Tygerberg and Oostenberg form the Cape Metropole, an extended city. These areas in turn consist of different suburbs and villages. In addition to its exuberant natural beauty, the city also has many sophisticated shopping malls, street markets, theatres and restaurants, as well as a vast array of places of historical, architectural and aesthetic interest.